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Tides of History

Everywhere around us are echoes of the past. Those echoes define the boundaries of states and countries, how we pray and how we fight. They determine what money we spend and how we earn it at work, what language we speak and how we raise our children. From Wondery, host Patrick Wyman, PhD (“Fall Of Rome”) helps us understand our world and how it got to be the way it is.

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  • 10.06.2021
    49 MB
    51:06
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    The Bell Beaker Phenomenon and the Rise of the Bronze Age

    Around 4,500 years ago, bell-shaped ceramic drinking vessels called "beakers" begin showing up with the dead in tombs all over western Europe. Everywhere from Portugal to Sicily to Scotland to Slovakia, these distinctive containers show up, often accompanied by archery equipment and upheaval in the societies established in these places. The Bronze Age and metallurgy would soon follow. But what were the Beakers for? Who used them, and why? Thanks to ancient DNA and cutting-edge archaeological science, we can explore the Beaker Phenomenon in all its manifestations, from marriage networks and trade to prehistoric genocide. I wrote a book, and it comes out on July 20! You can preorder (in hard copy, e-book, or audiobook) The Verge: Reformation, Renaissance, and Forty Years that Shook the World here. Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory . Support us by supporting our sponsors! Theragun - Try Theragun for 30 days starting at only $199 dollars. Go to theragun.com/TIDES RIGHT NOW and get your Gen 4 Theragun TODAY. SimpliSafe - To learn more about how SimpliSafe can help protect you and your family, visit simplisafe.com/TIDES today to customize your system and get a free security camera. You also get a 60 day risk free trial, so there’s nothing to lose.

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  • 03.06.2021
    45 MB
    47:30
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    Indo-European, Migration, and the Corded Ware Culture

    Five thousand years ago, small groups of herders began making their way from the open grasslands of the Eurasian steppe into the hills and forests of northern Europe. They moved west, intermarrying with the local farmers and sometimes fighting them, eventually reaching as far as present-day Belgium. These were the people of the Corded Ware Culture, and they brought their language - Indo-European - and genes into the heart of Europe. I wrote a book, and it comes out on July 20! You can preorder (in hard copy, e-book, or audiobook) The Verge: Reformation, Renaissance, and Forty Years that Shook the World here. Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory . Support us by supporting our sponsors! Better Help - Get 10% off your first month at betterhelp.com/TIDES . Context Travel - For a limited time, when you buy one virtual tour, you’ll get a second tour free when you use promo code TIDES at contextlearning.com .

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  • 31.05.2021
    41 MB
    42:57
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    Cuneiform Literature, Medicine, and Mental Health: Interview with Dr. Moudhy Al-Rashid

    At the heart of the ancient Middle East, a sophisticated, urbanized, and long-lived world, was a writing system: cuneiform, used for everything from heroic epic to receipts and medical texts, and first developed in Mesopotamia more than 5,000 years ago. Dr. Moudhy Al-Rashid of Oxford joins me to talk about cuneiform literature, medicine, and mental health in this fascinating and little-known ancient world. Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory . Support us by supporting our sponsors! SimpliSafe - To learn more about how SimpliSafe can help protect you and your family, visit simplisafe.com/TIDES today to customize your system and get a free security camera. You also get a 60 day risk free trial, so there’s nothing to lose. NetSuite - Get special financing at netsuite.com/TIDES .

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  • 31.05.2021
    42 MB
    44:08
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    The Yamnaya Culture and the Proto-Indo-European Migrations

    More than 5,000 years ago, a group of wandering herders on the Eurasian steppes - the original speakers of Proto-Indo-European - began to move outward from their homeland. With their wagons, horses, and livestock, they traveled hundreds of miles through the Danube Valley and into Central Europe, forever shaping the linguistic, cultural, and genetic future of the continent and beyond. I wrote a book, and it comes out in July! You can preorder (in hard copy, e-book, or audiobook) The Verge: Reformation, Renaissance, and Forty Years that Shook the World here. Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App. https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory Support us by supporting our sponsors! Indeed - Get started right now with a FREE $75 dollar sponsored job credit to upgrade your job post at indeed.com/TIDES .

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  • 31.05.2021
    46 MB
    48:21
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    Achilles, Gilgamesh, and Epic Poetry: Interview with Professor Michael Clarke

    What do Achilles and Gilgamesh, two of the most renowned literary figures of the ancient world, have in common? A great deal more than you might expect. I talked to Professor Michael Clarke of the National University of Ireland, Galway, one of my favorite people in the world and an enormously creative and thoughtful scholar, about his recent book - Achilles beside Gilgamesh: Mortality and Wisdom in Early Epic Poetry. We discussed Homer, the world of the Bronze Age, how literature moved, and why so many of the same motifs appeared at various places and times in heroic literature. Get Professor Clarke's book, Achilles beside Gilgamesh, here . I wrote a book, and it comes out in July! You can preorder (in hard copy, e-book, or audiobook) The Verge: Reformation, Renaissance, and Forty Years that Shook the World here. Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App. https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory Support us by supporting our sponsors! SimpliSafe - Visit simplisafe.com/TIDES today to customize your system and get a FREE security camera. You also get a 60 day risk free trial, so there’s nothing to lose. Better Help - Get 10% off your first month at betterhelp.com/TIDES . Theragun - Try Theragun for 30 days starting at only $199 dollars. Go to theragun.com/TIDES right now and get your Gen 4 Theragun TODAY.

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  • 31.05.2021
    48 MB
    50:35
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    The Indus Valley Civilization

    Egypt and Mesopotamia are the most famous civilizations of the ancient world, but at the same time in South Asia - today's Pakistan and India - an even larger and more populous society came into being: the Indus Valley Civilization, whose peak lasted from 2600 to 1900 BC. But the Indus Valley Civilization challenges much of what we think we know about ancient societies, from inequality and violence to political control. I wrote a book, and it comes out in July! You can preorder (in hard copy, e-book, or audiobook) The Verge: Reformation, Renaissance, and Forty Years that Shook the World here. Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory . Support us by supporting our sponsors! Expensify - Visit expensify.com/TIDES to get started with a FREE trial.

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  • 31.05.2021
    42 MB
    44:47
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    Ancient South Asia

    South Asia - encompassing Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan - is one of the cradles of human civilization, and today it's home to one in every four people in the world. But who were the early inhabitants of South Asia, where had they come from, and what led them to develop agriculture, writing, cities, and some of the ancient world's most complex and populous societies? I wrote a book, and it comes out in July! You can preorder (in hard copy, e-book, or audiobook) The Verge: Reformation, Renaissance, and Forty Years that Shook the World here. Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory . Support us by supporting our sponsors! NetSuite - Schedule your FREE Product Tour RIGHT NOW at netsuite.com/tides .

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  • 31.05.2021
    43 MB
    44:51
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    Bananas, Civilization, and Ancient Farming in New Guinea: Interview with Professor Tim Denham

    Professor Tim Denham is one of the world's leading experts on Kuk Swamp, the most important archaeological site for understanding the origins of agriculture in New Guinea. He explains how we can use cutting-edge techniques in the study of ancient soils and tiny bits of plant to understand these fascinating past developments. We also talk about "civilization," the invention of agriculture in global context, and why it took so long to understand New Guinea as an agricultural center. I wrote a book, and it comes out in July! You can preorder (in hard copy, e-book, or audiobook) The Verge: Reformation, Renaissance, and Forty Years that Shook the World here. Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory . Support us by supporting our sponsors! Expensify - Visit expensify.com/TIDES to get started with a FREE trial. Better Help - Get 10% off your first month at betterhelp.com/TIDES .

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  • 31.05.2021
    41 MB
    43:07
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    The Invention of Agriculture in New Guinea

    The Highlands of New Guinea are one of the most remote places on the planet, a maze of crosscutting valleys and enormous mountains that weren't reached by outsiders until the 1930s. Yet they're also one of the world's original centers of agriculture, a place responsible for domesticating crops like taro and the omnipresent banana. Crops on which millions of people rely today trace their origin all the way back to the isolated high valleys of New Guinea many thousands of years ago. I wrote a book, and it comes out in July! You can preorder (in hard copy, e-book, or audiobook) The Verge: Reformation, Renaissance, and Forty Years that Shook the World here. Support us by supporting our sponsors! Rex MD - Go to REXMD.com/TIDES to get started with Rex MD. SimpliSafe - Go to SIMPLISAFE.com/TIDES today to customize your system and get a free security camera. You also get a 60 day risk free trial, so there’s nothing to lose.

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  • 31.05.2021
    55 MB
    58:16
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    Ancient Egypt in Context: Interview with Professor David Wengrow

    Professor David Wengrow is one of the world's leading experts on Egypt before the pharaohs. He's also one of the most creative and wide-ranging archaeologists working right now, and he has fascinating insights into the primordial emergence of inequality, hierarchies, states, and all of the other things. Check out his new book, co-authored with the late David Graeber: The Dawn of Everything: A New History of Humanity . I wrote a book, and it comes out in July! You can preorder The Verge: Reformation, Renaissance, and Forty Years that Shook the World here. Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory . Support us by supporting our sponsors! Theragun - Go to Theragun.com/TIDES RIGHT NOW and get your Gen 4 Theragun TODAY. Indeed - Get a FREE $75 dollar credit to boost your job posting at Indeed.com/TIDES .

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  • 31.05.2021
    45 MB
    47:13
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    Ancient Tattooing: Interview with Aaron Deter-Wolf

    Tattoos, and other forms of body decoration, are as old as humanity itself. But what can we know about the skin of long-past people that no longer exists? I talk to Aaron Deter-Wolf, Prehistoric Archaeologist for the State of Tennessee’s Division of Archaeology and one of the world's experts on the archaeological study of tattooing, to get some answers. Follow Aaron on Instagram @archaeologyink - it's a fascinating page. I wrote a book, and it comes out in July! You can preorder The Verge: Reformation, Renaissance, and Forty Years that Shook the World here. Support us by supporting out sponsors! Better Help - Get 10% off your first month at betterhelp.com/tides .

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  • 31.05.2021
    56 MB
    58:56
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    North America After the Ice Age: Interview with Professor Shane Miller

    Understanding the first migrants to the Americas more than 13,000 years ago is a big task. So is figuring out how the ancestors of indigenous peoples transformed themselves from hunters of mammoth and mastodon to farmers to the builders of complex societies. Professor Shane Miller, an archaeologist working in the American southeast (and a Tides listener!) joins me to talk about cutting-edge archaeology and how our understanding of the early Americas is changing. I wrote a book, and it comes out in July! You can preorder The Verge: Reformation, Renaissance, and Forty Years that Shook the World here. Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory . Support us by supporting our sponsors! Expensify - Visit Expensify.com/TIDES to get started with a free trial. Indeed - Get a FREE $75 dollar credit to upgrade your job post at INDEED.COM/TIDES .

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  • 31.05.2021
    46 MB
    48:11
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    Languages of the World in 3000 BC

    Language is one of the foundational pieces of being human, but in the absence of writing, what can we know about it in the deep past? Historical linguistics and the comparative method shed valuable light on these long-lost languages, and uncover the roots of some of today's most widely spoken tongues. Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory . Support us by supporting our sponsors! SimpliSafe - Go to SIMPLISAFE.com/TIDES today to customize your system and get a free security camera. You also get a 60 day risk free trial, so there’s nothing to lose. Headspace - Go to HEADSPACE.COM/TIDES for a FREE ONE-MONTH TRIAL with access to Headspace’s full library of meditations for every situation.

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  • 31.05.2021
    47 MB
    49:58
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    Understanding Prehistory Through Ethnography

    There are still people living now who make their living by foraging, and understanding them is an essential component of grasping the breadth of human experience. Today's hunter-gatherers aren't living fossils from a bygone age, but studying them can give us deep insights into the more distant past. In this episode, I discuss ethnography, ethnoarchaeology, and how we can apply these tools to prehistory. I wrote a book, and it comes out in July! You can preorder The Verge: Reformation, Renaissance, and Forty Years that Shook the World here. Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory . Support us by supporting our sponsors! Indeed - Get a FREE SEVENTY-FIVE DOLLAR CREDIT to upgrade your job post at INDEED.COM/TIDES . Better Help - Get 10% off your first month at betterhelp.com/TIDES .

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  • 31.05.2021
    48 MB
    50:34
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    Egypt and the Rise of the Pharaohs

    Kings are practically synonymous with ancient Egypt, and it's not just because their monuments - like the pyramids - still tower above the desert and the Nile. Egyptian society was organized around the pharaohs in many different ways, but how did they come into being? What turned Egypt into one of the world's longest-lived kingdoms? Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory . I wrote a book, and it comes out in July! You can preorder The Verge: Reformation, Renaissance, and Forty Years that Shook the World here. Support us by supporting our sponsors! Expensify - Visit Expensify.com/TIDES to get started with a free trial. Headspace - Go to HEADSPACE.COM/TIDES for a FREE ONE-MONTH TRIAL with access to Headspace’s full library of meditations for every situation.

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  • 31.05.2021
    57 MB
    59:40
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    Hunter-Gatherers, Archaeology, and Prehistory: Interview with Professor Robert Kelly

    What can we learn about the deep human past by studying present-day hunter-gatherers? I asked that question to Professor Robert Kelly of the University of Wyoming, who's both one of the world's experts on hunter-gatherers and an accomplished archaeologist. Today's hunter-gatherers aren't living fossils who provide a direct window onto the distant past, but their lifeways do offer fascinating insights into that past. Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory . Support us by supporting our sponsors! Theragun - Try Theragun for 30 days starting at only $199 dollars. Go to Theragun.com/TIDES RIGHT NOW and get your Gen 4 Theragun TODAY. Indeed - Get a FREE $75 Dollar credit to upgrade your job post at INDEED.COM/TIDES .

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  • 31.05.2021
    47 MB
    49:13
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    Uruk and the Rise of Civilization

    More than 5,000 years ago, the city of Uruk in what's now Iraq was the heart of a new civilization. Cities, kings, armies, monumental temples, and writing were all new developments. But why here? Why then? And who suffered so that civilization could rise? Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory . Support us by supporting our sponsors! Better Help - Get 10% off your first month at betterhelp.com/TIDES . SimpliSafe - Get a FREE home security camera, when you purchase a SimpliSafe system at SIMPLISAFE.com/TIDES . You also get a 60 day risk free trial, so there’s nothing to lose.

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  • 31.05.2021
    44 MB
    46:04
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    Egypt Before the Pharaohs

    Pyramids, mummies, and pharaohs define our understanding of ancient Egypt, a timeless and eternal land. But the Nile wasn't always ruled by god-like kings, and long before they emerged, Egypt was home to other peoples and other ways of life. As Egyptian civilization emerged, these older traditions didn't disappear, but remained, shaping thousands of years of subsequent history. Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory . I wrote a book! It's called The Verge: Reformation, Renaissance, and Forty Years that Shook the World. The book comes out in July, but you can pre-order it here . Support us by supporting our sponsors! Indeed - Get a FREE $75 dollar credit to upgrade your job post at INDEED.COM/TIDES .

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  • 31.05.2021
    35 MB
    36:37
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    Classic Tides | Boxing, Race, and the Gilded Age: An Interview with Professor Louis Moore

    Boxing has a long past, one deeply connected to race, labor, and broader developments in American history. Professor Louis Moore joins me to talk about those topics and about his outstanding book, I Fight For a Living: Boxing and the Battle for Black Manhood, 1880-1915. Find Professor Moore's book here: https://www.amazon.com/Fight-Living-Manhood-1880-1915-Society/dp/0252082877 . This episode originally aired on August 8, 2019. Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory .

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  • 31.05.2021
    42 MB
    44:23
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    Mesopotamia at the Dawn of History

    Civilization first emerged in the fertile floodplains of Mesopotamia - present-day Iraq - with priest-kings and cities full of temples and ziggurats, pictographs and cuneiform writing. But what were the conditions and processes that led up to this complex of developments? How and why did it happen, and why there? Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory . Support us by supporting our sponsors! Plush Care - Go to PlushCare.com/tides to start your FREE 30-day trial. Theragun - Try Theragun for 30 days starting at only $199 dollars. Go to Theragun.com/TIDES RIGHT NOW and get your Gen 4 Theragun TODAY.

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  • 31.05.2021
    40 MB
    42:25
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    What is Civilization?

    I'm not just talking about the wonderful Sid Meier game series, which I've spent far too many hours playing; how do we define "civilization," how does it come into being, and why does it matter? Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory . Support us by supporting our sponsors! Indeed - RIGHT NOW, get a FREE SEVENTY-FIVE DOLLAR CREDIT to upgrade your job post at INDEED.COM/TIDES . Better Help - Get 10% off your first month at betterhelp.com/TIDES . Headspace - Go to HEADSPACE.COM/TIDES for a FREE ONE-MONTH TRIAL with access to Headspace’s full library of meditations for every situation.

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  • 31.05.2021
    49 MB
    51:50
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    Alcohol and Agriculture in Prehistoric East Asia: Interview with Professor Li Liu

    Stanford University's Professor Li Liu is one of the world's leading experts on prehistoric East Asia and one of the world's primary inventions of farming. I ask her about that, the deep continuities of Chinese civilization, and her recent research on the origins of brewing and alcohol. Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory . Support us by supporting our sponsors! SimpliSafe - Get a FREE home security camera, when you purchase a SimpliSafe system at SIMPLISAFE.com/TIDES . You also get a 60 day risk free trial, so there’s nothing to lose. PlushCare - Go to PlushCare.com/tides to start your FREE 30-day trial. Better Help - Get 10% off your first month at betterhelp.com/tides TODAY!

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  • 31.05.2021
    48 MB
    50:02
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    Agriculture and Complex Societies in the Americas, 4000-1500 BC

    Agriculture was invented in no fewer than three, and probably four, places in the Americas. It went along with sedentary living and complex societies, but in complicated ways: fishing villages along the Andean coast grew into the cities of Norte Chico, but hunter-gatherers produced the first great mound complexes of the American southeast. How did farming change, and not change, the diverse societies of the Americas? Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory . Support us by supporting our sponsors! Indeed - RIGHT NOW, get a FREE SEVENTY-FIVE DOLLAR CREDIT to upgrade your job post at INDEED.COM/TIDES . Theragun - Go to Theragun.com/TIDES RIGHT NOW and get your Gen 4 Theragun TODAY.

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  • 31.05.2021
    45 MB
    47:18
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    The Americas from Foraging to Agriculture, 10,000 BC-4000 BC

    The initial migrations to the Americas get most of the attention, but people didn't stop living there in the aftermath of those first movements of peoples; they spread out over the Great Plains and the forests of the eastern United States, south into the deserts and jungles of Mesoamerica, and into every corner of South America. In the process, they invented agriculture no fewer than three different times. Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory . If you'd like to see some visuals of the topics covered in today's episode, check out the accompanying Substack post , and subscribe to get updates in your email inbox.

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  • 31.05.2021
    38 MB
    40:34
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    Agriculture, Migration, and the Births of Language Families: Interview with Professor Peter Bellwood

    The relationship between agriculture, migration, and the distribution of today's most prominent language families is direct but complex. Professor Peter Bellwood, one of the world's leading experts on prehistory, explains how farming led to population growth and movements of people that still shape our world today. Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory .

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  • 31.05.2021
    50 MB
    52:07
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    Classic Tides | Europe After the Black Death

    Plague, war, and a worsening climate drastically changed Europe in the years and decades after 1350. This new state of affairs laid the groundwork for the explosion around 1500 that gave rise to the modern world. This episode originally aired on June 28, 2018. Listen to all episodes ad free and to exclusive seasons 1 and 2 with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory . Support us by supporting our sponsors! Caliper CBD - Get 30% off Caliper’s all-natural, flavored Swiftstick Variety Packs when you use promo code TIDES30 at trycaliper.com/TIDES30 . You can try Caliper CBD risk-free for 30 days. If you don’t love it they’ll give you a full refund!

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  • 31.05.2021
    44 MB
    46:17
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    Neolithic China and Jomon Japan

    East Asia was one of the world's primary centers of agricultural innovation. Farming was invented there, rice and millet domesticated, and the people who did so grew in numbers and sophistication. Some of the world's most-spoken language families grew out of Neolithic China, and so did the roots of Chinese civilization. If you'd like to see some pictures of things covered in today's episode, check out the Substack post that goes along with it. Support us by supporting our sponsors! SimpliSafe - Get a FREE home security camera, when you purchase a SimpliSafe system at SIMPLISAFE.com/TIDES . You also get a 60 day risk free trial, so there’s nothing to lose.

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  • 31.05.2021
    45 MB
    47:45
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    East Asia in Prehistory

    Hominins have lived in East Asia - what's now China, Korea, and Japan - for millions of years, at least as far back as Homo erectus if not further. And as the glaciers began to recede for the last time after 20,000 years ago, people in this part of the world developed humanity's first pottery, rice-farming, and complex societies of incredible diversity and resilience. If you'd like to see visuals of some of what we've discussed here, check out the accompanying Substack post . Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory . Support us by supporting our sponsors! Theragun - Go to theragun.com/TIDES RIGHT NOW and get your Gen 4 Theragun TODAY. Indeed - Try Indeed out with a FREE SEVENTY-FIVE DOLLAR CREDIT at indeed.com/TIDES . This is their BEST offer available ANYWHERE. PlushCare - Make your appointment today! Go to plushcare.com/tides .

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  • 31.05.2021
    43 MB
    45:45
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    Why Were There So Many Neolithic Farmers? And What Can Big Data Do For Archaeology? Interview with Professor Stephen Shennan

    Professor Stephen Shennan is one of the world's leading experts on the early farmers of the Fertile Crescent and Europe. In this interview, I pick his brain about why early farmers were so, uh, fertile, and produced so many descendants; how those farmers spread outward from their regions of origin; and how we can understand their Neolithic world. Professor Shennan also one of the world's most accomplished archaeological theorists, and he answers my questions about archaeology in the age of Big Data, statistics, and new ways of understanding the past. Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App. https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory Support us by supporting our sponsors! New Yorker - For a limited time you can get 12 weeks of The New Yorker for just SIX dollars. Plus, you will receive an exclusive tote bag for FREE. Go to newyorker.com/TIDES ! The Great Courses Plus - Go to thegreatcoursesplus.com/TIDES and treat yourself to a FREE Trial of access to the entire library.

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  • 31.05.2021
    51 MB
    53:30
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    Classic Tides | Peasants' Rebellions and Resistance

    Peasants and common folk were oppressed by their social superiors, but they didn't accept that as a natural state of affairs: They resisted in small, everyday ways, and they rebelled, sometimes spectacularly. This episode originally aired on September 20, 2018. Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App. https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory Support us by supporting our sponsors! Caliper CBD - Get 20% off your first order when you use promo code TIDES at trycaliper.com/TIDES . You can try Caliper CBD risk-free for 30 days. If you don’t love it they’ll give you a full refund!

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  • 31.05.2021
    42 MB
    44:23
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    Neanderthals, Our Closest Kin: Interview with Dr. Rebecca Wragg Sykes

    What were Neanderthals really like? Our closest relatives shared an incredible amount in common with us, argues Dr. Rebecca Wragg Sykes, author of the wonderful new book Kindred: Neanderthal Life, Love, Death, and Art . But we shouldn't pigeonhole them; Neanderthals persisted for hundreds of thousands of years across time and space, living diverse and varied lives everywhere from mountains to deserts to icy tundra. Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App here . Support us by supporting our sponsors! The Great Courses Plus - Go to thegreatcoursesPLUS.com/TIDES and treat yourself to a FREE Trial of access to the entire library. SimpliSafe - Get 30% off SimpliSafe plus a free security camera today by visiting SIMPLISAFE.com/TIDES . Hurry! This deal expires on Friday.

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  • 31.05.2021
    41 MB
    43:06
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    Ötzi the Iceman: The Neolithic Ice Mummy

    Five thousand years ago, a man died more than 10,000 feet high in the Alps of northern Italy. He had been shot in the back with an arrow, the corpse left behind, where he was frozen into a glacier along with all of his belongings. He stayed there until two hikers found him - still half covered in ice - in 1991. What was Ötzi's life like? And what can we learn about his final days and hours? Thanks to incredible scientific studies, we know more about Ötzi than almost anybody who's ever lived. Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App. https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory If you'd like to see pictures of Ötzi and his equipment, check out the accompanying post. Support us by supporting our sponsors! PlushCare - Go to plushcare.com/tides . Indeed - Try Indeed out with a FREE SEVENTY-FIVE DOLLAR CREDIT at indeed.com/TIDES . Offer valid through December 31. Terms and conditions app.

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  • 31.05.2021
    49 MB
    51:48
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    Who Were the Proto-Indo-Europeans?

    Today, everywhere from Bengal to British Columbia, some 3.2 billion people speak an Indo-European language. All of these diverse languages are descended from a common ancestor spoken long before the advent of writing. But where and when was that, and who were the speakers of Proto-Indo-European? Follow us more than 5,000 years back in time to a story about livestock herding, horseback riding, chieftains, burial mounds, and powerful new gods. Listen to new episodes 1 week early, to exclusive seasons 1 and 2, and to all episodes ad free with Wondery+. Join Wondery+ for exclusives, binges, early access, and ad free listening. Available in the Wondery App. https://wondery.app.link/tidesofhistory Support us by supporting our sponsors! SimpliSafe - Visit simplisafe.com/TIDES and get a FREE security camera, plus a 60-day risk-free trial with any new system order.

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  • 31.05.2021
    48 MB
    50:19
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    The Lost Civilization of Old Europe: The Copper Age and the First Cities

    The first farmers of Europe and their descendants persisted for thousands of years. In the Neolithic heartland of eastern Europe, along the Danube River and through the northern Balkan Mountains, they built a unique civilization: Old Europe, with its artificial mounds, gorgeous pottery, and for the first time, the use of metal. The first cities in the world grew out of this long-lived Neolithic just before it disappeared forever. If you'd like to see visuals of the things discussed in today's episode, check out the accompanying post on my Substack , and be sure to subscribe. Support us by supporting our sponsors! The New Yorker - Get 12 weeks of The New Yorker for just SIX dollars, plus a FREE tote bag. Go to newyorker.com/TIDES ! Theragun - Go to theragun.com/TIDES RIGHT NOW and get your Gen 4 Theragun TODAY.

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  • 31.05.2021
    52 MB
    54:56
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    Classic Tides | Peasants and the Medieval Countryside

    When we think of the medieval world, our minds usually turn to knights, royalty, and clergy. But the backbone of the medieval economic and social order was the humble peasant. In this rebroadcast from 2018, we explore the world and lives of the vast bulk of the people who actually lived in the Middle Ages, and why they matter.

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  • 31.05.2021
    60 MB
    01:03:26
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    Prehistory Mailbag! Archaeology, Language, and the Advantages of Farming

    How do we know what we know about the deep past? What languages did people speak in prehistory? And why, if the life of an early farmer seemed to be so miserable, did farmers have so many children? I answer all of these questions and more in our first prehistory mailbag episode. Support us by supporting our sponsors! PlushCare - Make your appointment today. Go to plushcare.com/tides . Great Courses Plus - Start your FREE trial at thegreatcoursesplus.com/tides . Upstart - Hurry to upstart.com/tides to find out HOW LOW your Upstart rate can be. Checking your rate only takes a few minutes!

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  • 31.05.2021
    52 MB
    54:25
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    Megalithic Europe

    It didn't take long for the first pioneering farmers of Europe to establish mature and stable societies. The monuments of these societies are still with us today: enormous earthen tombs and standing stones, silent reminders of a lost civilization. If you'd like to see some pictures of the monuments I talk about in today's episode, check out the accompanying post here . Support us by supporting our sponsors! Indeed - Try Indeed out with a FREE $75 DOLLAR CREDIT at indeed.com/TIDES . PlushCare - Make your appointment today. Go to plushcare.com/TIDES .

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  • 31.05.2021
    47 MB
    49:42
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    The Neolithic Revolution: Europe's First Farmers

    Farming came into existence in the Fertile Crescent, but it didn't stay there. By 5000 BC, agriculture had spread east and west, reaching both Central Asia and the Atlantic Ocean. But how did this happen? Did indigenous hunter-gatherers adopt farming, or did the farmers themselves move and bring their way of life with them? If you'd like to see some visuals of the things we talk about in this episode, check out the accompanying post on Substack . Support us by supporting our sponsors! Upstart - Find out just how low your rate can be today at upstart.com/tides . SimpliSafe - When you visit simplisafe.com/tides you get a FREE HD camera. The Great Courses Plus - Get FREE access to their entire library at thegreatcoursesplus.com/tides .

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  • 31.05.2021
    60 MB
    01:02:32
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    How Did People Domesticate Animals? An Interview with Professor Greger Larson

    The domestication of animals has transformed the way that people eat, clothe themselves, and live over the past 10,000 or so years, but what in the world does "domestication" even mean? How did this happen, and why did people start doing this? I talk with Professor Greger Larson of Oxford University about the genetics of animal domestication and how cutting-edge science is helping us answer these age-old questions. Support us by supporting our sponsors! Upstart - Find out how low your Upstart rate can be today at upstart.com/tides . SimpliSafe - Get FREE HD camera at simplisafe.com/tides . The Great Courses Plus - Go to thegreatcoursesplus.com/tides to access to their entire library for FREE.

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  • 31.05.2021
    48 MB
    50:26
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    The First Farmers

    The domestication of plants and animals has remade the way that people feed themselves, organize their societies, and interact with the landscapes around them. But for most of the human past, this isn't how people subsisted. When, where, and how did people start farming? And most importantly, why? If you'd like to see some visuals of the things we talk about in this episode, check out the accompanying post on Substack . Support us by supporting our sponsors! Plush Care - Start your FREE 30 day trial at plushcare.com/tides . Net Suite - Get your FREE guide and schedule your FREE product tour at netsuite.com/tides . Master Works - Do to masterworks.io and use promo code TIDES to skip the waitlist today.

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  • 31.05.2021
    48 MB
    50:23
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    After the Ice: The Younger Dryas, the Mesolithic, and the Birth of a New World

    For most of Homo sapiens' time out of Africa, we lived in a world defined by ice. But by around 20,000 years ago, the ice had begun to melt, the glaciers retreating back toward the poles and mountain ranges. This left behind a new world, a whole different series of environments, opportunities, and perils for the people who had made it through the Ice Age. Support us by supporting our sponsors! SimpliSafe - Get FREE shipping and a 60 day risk free trial when you got to simplisafe.com/tides . Great Courses Plus - Visit thegreatcoursesplus.com/tides to access to the entire library for FREE.

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  • 31.05.2021
    55 MB
    57:34
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    How Should We Understand the Deep Human Past? Interview with Professor John Hawks

    Professor John Hawks of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, one of the world's best communicators on the deep human past and paleoanthropology, joins me to talk about archaic humans, genomics, and whether the concept of different human species even makes sense these days. Check out his blog , which is an amazing resource, and follow him on Twitter . Support us by supporting our sponsors! Indeed - Get a free 75 dollar credit to use toward your job posting at indeed.com/tides . Masterworks - Skip the 25,000 person waitlist when you go to masterworks.io and use the promo code TIDES to invest today.

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  • 31.05.2021
    50 MB
    52:41
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    New Insights on the First Americans: Interview with Professor Jennifer Raff

    Our understanding of the past is constantly in flux, and there's no field where that's clearer than with the early settlement of the Americas. I'm joined by Professor Jennifer Raff of the University of Kansas, an anthropological geneticist, to discuss the game-changing (or not?) recent work pushing back the date of first settlement to 30,000 years ago or more. Support us by supporting our sponsors! Masterworks - Skip the waitlist when you visit masterworks.io and use promo code TIDES. NetSuite - Schedule your free product tour and get your free guide at netsuite.com/tides .

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  • 31.05.2021
    49 MB
    51:15
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    Who Were the First Americans?

    The Americas were the last continents Homo sapiens reached. Why did it take so long for people to enter this vast and promising expanse of land? Who were they, and where had they come from? In today's episode, we explore the latest - just days old! - science of the First Americans, and discover the descendants they've left behind even today. Support us by supporting our sponsors! PlushCare - Start your FREE 30 day trial membership today at plushcare.com/tides . SimpliSafe - Go to simplisafe.com/tides to get FREE shipping and 60 day risk free trial. Indeed - Try indeed.com/tides today for your 75 dollar credit.

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  • 31.05.2021
    44 MB
    45:52
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    Trapped in Ice: The Paleolithic World

    Twenty thousand years ago, the world was locked in ice. The glaciers advanced from the poles and mountain ranges, swallowing huge portions of the planet's surface and making the rest colder and drier, a more difficult place to live. Yet people nevertheless thrived, spreading out across the continents and creating some of the most incredible art in human history.

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  • 31.05.2021
    42 MB
    43:46
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    Ancient DNA and the Human Story: Interview with Geneticist Eske Willerslev

    Ancient DNA is the key that's unlocking the deep history of humanity, allowing us to answer questions about our collective past that we never dreamed of addressing even 20 years ago. Eske Willerslev is a pioneer in the field of extracting, sequencing, and analyzing the preserved DNA of people who lived thousands upon thousands of years ago; on top of that, he's a fascinating person with unique perspectives on how to understand the human past. Net Suite - Get your free guide and schedule your product tour now at netsuite.com/tides . Indeed - indeed.com/tides helps you find qualified candidates.

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  • 31.05.2021
    45 MB
    47:08
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    The Ghosts of Archaic Humans

    Until very recently, Homo sapiens - our species - was only one of several varieties of humans on this planet. As our ancestors spread outward from Africa in their great migration, they encountered those other species. The results of those encounters left us a genetic legacy that is still with us today. If you'd like to see some visuals of the things in this episode, check out this post on my Substack blog. Support us by supporting our sponsors! SimpliSafe - For FREE shipping and a 60 day money back guarantee visit simplisafe.com/tides .

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  • 31.05.2021
    45 MB
    47:14
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    Bone, Stone, and Genome: Understanding Humanity's Deep Past

    Welcome to a new season of Tides of History! Over the next year, we'll be traveling from the very origins of our species through the peopling of the planet, the Ice Age, and then to the beginnings of agriculture, cities, metalworking, and states. Today, we cover our deepest past, from the divergence from our closest ape relatives to the first appearance of anatomically modern humans. To see visuals of our earliest ancestors, and how-to videos for making ancient stone tools, check out Patrick's website . Support us by supporting our sponsors! SimpliSafe - Get FREE shipping and a 60 day money back guarantee at simplisafe.com/tides . NetSuite - Get that FREE playbook – “Seven Actions Businesses Need to Take Now” and schedule your free Product Tour - at netsuite.com/tides .

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  • 31.05.2021
    55 MB
    57:19
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    Did I End My Early Modern Series in the Right Place? Interview with Keith Pluymers

    How do we tell when one period ends and another begins? What are the fundamental characteristics of the early modern period? My dear friend (and friend of the show!) Keith Pluymers, assistant professor of history at Illinois State University, returns to chat with me about periodization, the Great Divergence, and riots in the early modern period. Support us by supporting our sponsors! SimpliSafe - Head to simplisafe.com/tides to get FREE shipping and 60 day money back guarantee.

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  • 31.05.2021
    35 MB
    36:46
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    The Globalization of the Year 1000: Interview with Professor Valerie Hansen

    Around the year 1000, merchants, explorers, and missionaries linked the world together from Newfoundland to China. Trade goods, people, and above all ideas flowed across a rich assortment of routes, connecting previously distant places into a single unit. This was the first instance of what we can call globalization, according to Professor Valerie Hansen of Yale, who wrote a compelling new book on the topic: The Year 1000: When Explorers Connected the World - and Globalization Began. Get Professor Hansen's book here . Listen ad-free on Wondery+ here Support us by supporting our sponsors! SimpliSafe - When you go to simplisafe.com/tides you'll get FREE shipping and 60 day money back guarantee. Great Courses Plus - Get a FREE month of unlimited access to the entire library at thegreatcoursesplus.com/tides .

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